About the PAN-Project

General Information

What are Cultural Landscapes?

Cultural Landscapes are landscapes created and maintained by human activity and consist of a mosaic of ecosystems which share a number of environmental parameters. The Cultural Landscape Ecosystems (CLEs) that form the basic elements of the landscapes are ecosystems where dynamic assemblages of plant, animal and micro-organisms and their non-living environment interact as functional units and where anthropogenic impacts are an integral part of the system.

PAN - the name

PAN is the Greek God of fertility. His name means all but originally he was the Arcadian deity Paon in Doric meaning pasturer. He was associated by the Romans with Faunus the rural deity worshiped throughout the countryside as a bestower of fruitfulness on fields and flocks.He eventually became primarily a woodland deity, the sounds of the forest being regarded as his voice.

CLE definitions - examples

The cultural landscape can only he understood by its antithesis: untouched, unspoilt nature. The realization of this dualism is the basis for understanding and appreciating either. (Fægri 1988) Introduction lecture of Knut Krzywinski (University Bergen): Culture landscape concept and research.pdf (0,98 MB)

Supported by the European Commission

The Thematic Network project is supported by the European Commission. under the Fifth Framework Programme and contributing to the implementation of the Key Action 2: "Global Change, Climate and Biodiversity" within the Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development.

Disclaimer - Last update: 14 Oct 2006